Track and Field - Olympic sport, including running, walking, jumping and throwing. Includes the following disciplines: cross-country species, race walking, technical types (jumping and throwing), the all-around, runs (run on the highway) and crosses (running cross country). One of the main and most popular sports. Governing body - the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), was founded in 1912 and brings together 212 national federations (for 2011). IAAF gives the following definition of the term "athletics", "competition in the stadium, running along the highway, walking, jogging and cross the mountains (mountain running).